The viaduct pond depicted in this painting was created by the Lord of the Manor of Hampstead as part of a scheme in the 1840s to convert the meadows adjoining the Heath to a park with 28 villas. A road was built through the estate and this brick viaduct carried his road across a swampy valley. The valley was drained to form the viaduct's ornamental pond, but further development was aborted due to protests from the public.
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